A Green Job Renaissance?
Posted by Kari Lydersen on September 24, 2008
Even decades after de-industrialization and outsourcing decimated the once-solid, well-paid, empowered blue collar union workforce of the Midwest, jobs are still being lost by the hundreds or thousands as industries tighten their belts or close up shop altogether — from the auto makers to candy makers.
But even though the region may no longer have the industries and unions for which it was once famous, it does have under-tapped resources that will likely become more and more valuable as climate change and the need to combat it with carbon offsets and alternative energy increasingly takes center stage.
In other words, parts of the Midwest have lots of wind. And even decent amounts of sun. And lots of buildings which could be retrofitted with energy saving technology and green roofs. And lots of contaminated brownfields which need to be cleaned up. And even lots of skilled laborers who could relatively easily transition from their past expertise into making and installing solar panels, wind turbines and the like.
As will be highlighted in a national day of action on September 27, cities and towns in the Midwest and beyond stand to potentially benefit from a “green collar” revolution, if they play their cards right. The day of action is sponsored by the 1Sky campaign, a multi-faceted coalition of environmental, business, political, community and other players; Green For All, an environmental justice and advocacy group. More than 500 events in 48 states are planned.
As exciting as this might all seem, “green-washing” — wherein corporations, governments, or individuals make a big show of being green without actually making meaningful changes or addressing the bigger picture — is rampant these days. So any plans and promises merit close scrutiny. On state and federal levels, most green jobs programs and green retrofit or habitat restoration programs are usually voluntary and based on tax breaks or grant funding.
In Chicago, for example, a Climate Action plan unveiled last week by the mayor here promises thousands of green jobs and building retrofits city — wide, with the mission of “leading by example.” But the city still suffers with a woefully inadequate public transit system which has undergone massive cuts in recent years; and the city lacks a comprehensive public recycling program.
Climate change is such a crisis now that actual enforceable federal, state and municipal laws and ordinances are needed to not only “encourage” but force businesses, government agencies and individuals to change their habits. So far there are no federal limits on greenhouse gases, though a cap and trade system is likely to be instituted during the next administration. About half the country’s states have greenhouse gas emissions regulations and limits.
As with greenhouse gas limits, in the case of green jobs it may take more than good intentions to make sure they really are living wage, stable positions that benefit local communities. Many cities including Los Angeles, Richmond, Oakland and Chicago have made a good start with Green Corps programs that train low income youth in green sector skilled jobs.
The trend in the American workplace in general right now is toward lower pay, benefits and stability, fewer unions and more temporary work. Without close oversight there is no reason green jobs like building and installing solar panels or turbines would essentially be any different that that. That’s where it’s up to community, labor and elected leaders to make sure the “green revolution” lifts communities and families up, rather than creating another sector with a race to the bottom.